Johan Anderson från Strängnäs
Stålkofta (1646 -Swedish)
Stalcop, Stallcop (1664- Eng)
Larry Spencer Stallcup
FLAGS THAT HAVE
FLOWN OVER THE
The Stalcop Family came into existence during the very early colonial days
of America. The Colony of New Sweden was planted on the shores of the
South, now the Delaware, River in 1638. The Colony extended from about the
current city of New Castle, Delaware to Philadelphia, PA and over on the
New Jersey side of the river. The founder of the family, Johan Andersson
från Strängnäs, (John, the son of Andrew from Strängnäs, Sweden) sailed
for the Colony of New Sweden in 1640 and arrived in the spring of 1641. He
worked as a farm hand for five years. In 1646 Johan Andersson became a
soldier for Governor Printz and later served under Governor Risingh. Dutch
forces under the command of Peter Stuyvesant captured him in 1655 when
Fort Trinity was surrendered during the Dutch invasion of the colony.
The family name is derived from Johan Andersson’s nickname,
Stålkofta, the Steelcoat. Based on pronunciation English clerks after
their invasion and capture of the family in 1664 spelled it as Stalcop and
eventually that spelling was adopted as the family surname. The Stalcop
Family is an entirely All-American family. The family name has never
existed anywhere else except in the United States.
A number of different flags have flown over the family in America. Some of
them are shown below. The missing national flags are mostly variations of
two flags, the Confederate National Flag and the United States National
flag. The variations of each are the differing numbers of stars in the
field. A number of different state flags have flown over the family as
Johan Andersson från Strängnäs, or as he was later known, John Andersson
Stalcop, lived under the Swedish, Dutch and English flags. His children
did not. Only Dutch and English flags flew over them.
used in the New Sweden Colony in America
National flag flew over the Colony of New Sweden in America from
1638 to September 1655. It was also the Swedish Naval ensign. The
flags used in the colony were obtained from the ships that brought
the settlers of the Colony on the South (Delaware) River. This
two-tailed flag flew over the Stalcop family until the loss of the
Colony. Some illustrations incorrectly show a three-tailed flag with
the horizontal yellow bar extended and made into a tail.
NETHERLANDS (DUTCH) FLAG
years this flag flew over the children of Johan Andersson från
Strängnäs. This flag began flying over the Stalcop family in
September 1655 when Dutch forces led by Peter Stuyvesant captured
Johan Andersson från Strängnäs and conquered the New Sweden Colony.
The British flag supplanted it nine years later in 1664 when the
English captured the New Sweden Colony from the Dutch.
in use 1664
This British flag
flew over the Stalcop family 113 years from 1664 until the United
States flag supplanted it in 1777 during the Revolutionary War. It
is slightly different from the current British flag. It flew over
the second generation to the fifth generation including Pietter
Stallcop, John, Peter and William Stalcop in Delaware and North
Beginning when it was adopted by Congress in 1777 the flag of the
United States of America has flown over the Stalcop family. Sixth
generation Peter Stalcop fought in the Revolutionary War under the
first United States flag.
of the United States
It was raised June 14, 1777
Congress, for a
National Emblem of the United States, did not adopt the so-called
“Betsy Ross” flag with the stars arranged in a circle. The first
official flag had thirteen stars and thirteen strips arranged as
shown above, one star plus one strip for each of the original states
in the Union. Peter Stalcop, William Stalcop/Stallcup and John
Stallcup all lived under one version or another of the United States
flag. Mostly in North Carolina.
The plan was to add both a star and a strip for every new State
admitted into the Union. This plan quickly became unworkable.
15 Star 15 Strip Flag
May 1 1795 – July 3, 1818
was flying over Fort McHenry during the War of 1812 when the Star
Spangled Banner was written. It had fifteen stars and fifteen
strips. With just two added strips it was already becoming
distorted. The number of strips was then fixed at thirteen.
When the Civil War broke out another flag appeared. It largely
depended on where your home was located as to which flag flew. Our
family was located in North Carolina so the Confederate National
flag flew over the Lucius Harvey Stallcup family.
Confederate National Flag ("the Stars and Bars")
This flag flew
over the Stalcop Family for the duration of the Civil War.
One of the first acts of the Provisional Confederate Congress was to
create the Committee on the Flag and Seal, chaired by William
Porcher Miles of South Carolina. The committee asked the public to
submit thoughts and ideas on the topic and was "overwhelmed by
requests not to abandon the 'old flag' of the United States." Miles
had already designed a flag that would later become the Confederate
battle flag and he favored his design over the "Stars and Bars"
proposal. But given the popular support for a flag similar to the
U.S. flag the Stars and Bars design was approved by the committee.
When war broke out, the flag caused confusion on the battlefield
because of its similarity to the U.S. flag. The more familiar
Confederate Battle flag was then displayed to end the confusion. The
Battle flag was never the National Flag of the Confederacy.
This seven star version was flown from March 5, 1861, to May 26,
1863. The National Flag of the Confederacy was designed by Prussian
artist Nicola Marshall in Marion, Alabama. It was adopted March 4,
1861 in Montgomery, Alabama and raised over the dome of that first
Confederate Capitol the next day. Marschall also designed the
Eventually four versions of the flag were authorized differing only
in the number of stars. Seven, nine, eleven and finally thirteen
stars versions, a star for each state that joined the Confederacy,
would appear. The first public appearance of the 13-star flag was
outside the Ben Johnson House in Bardstown, Kentucky. The 13-star
design was also used as the basis of a naval ensign.
Flag It flew from July 4, 1912 to July 3, 1959
47 years. This is
the second longest period a version of a US flag has flown. This is
the flag that flew during World War 1, World War 2 and the Korean
War. All descendants of the Lucius Harvey and Almarine Hall Stalcup
family during the 20th and 21st centuries have lived under either
the 48 star or the 50 star version, or both, of the United States
50 Star Flag
July 4, 1960 to the Present
The admission of Alaska and Hawaii into the Union as
states brought the count of states up to fifty.
49+ years. This is the longest period a single US flag design has
states, resulting in thirty-seven new stars being added to the
various versions of the United States flag during the more than two
centuries one version or another of this flag has flown over the
* * * * * * *
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